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Pradip Rathod with his horse, Raju

Father says son killed for just owning a horse

Tanushree Gangopadhyay, Ahmedabad

Since his childhood, 21-year-old Pradip Rathod, a Dalit from Timbi village in Bhavnagar district, always wanted a horse. His father, Kalubhai, tried very hard to dissuade him. “I tried to convince him to buy a Bullet motorcycle. He refused. He wanted a horse. I finally bought him one for Rs 30,000 just eight months ago. Pradip named him Raju. He rode the horse with great skill. He was a good horse trainer,” says his distraught father.

On 29 March Pradip was found hacked to death on the road, allegedly by Kshatriyas for having the temerity to own and ride a horse.

“Pradip left for home on his horse while Rakesh, my older son and I stayed behind to milk our cow on the farm,” says Kalubhai. When he didn’t reach home for dinner, Kalubhai and Rakesh went on their motorcycle back to the farm to look for him since he wasn’t answering his phone. They were shocked not to find him there. On their way back home, they were accosted by three motorcyclists from the neighbouring village of Pipralia.

“One of them told us that there was a man lying dead near a check dam,” said Kalubhai.

Kalubhai found Pradip’s body in a pool of blood. Police said that he had deep wounds on his head, throat and right arm. He was rushed to the government hospital in Umrala, where he was declared dead. Based on Kalubhai’s complaint, the police booked Natubha Jhala and unidentified men from Pipralia village under the Schedules Castes adn Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.

Pradip died between 7 pm and 8 pm. The police are questioning three persons: Jhala from Timbi and Ghughubha and Jitubha Gohil, two brothers from Pipralia.

The police took a long time to register the complaint. Social workers say the FIR was registered at around 1 am. Kalubhai was quietly confident that they would get justice. “Our efforts will pay off. But I have lost my loving son,” he said.

“My son died because of his love for his horse, Raju. We had often been stopped by several Darbars (Kshatriyas are called Darbars in Gujarat) who threatened Pradip. They told him never to ride a horse, that it was unbecoming for a Dalit. Owning and riding horses was seen as a Kshatriya privilege. He was told to sell the horse else he would be killed,” Kalubhai wrote in his FIR.

Kathiawar in Western Gujarat, where Bhavnagar is located, was historically dotted with princely states. Kshatriyas ruled here for centuries and still hang on to their traditions. Dalits have often faced brutality. But they never dared to file a complaint. All this despite the Constitution and a law, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, which protects them.

Timbi, with a population of 5,000, is 50 km west of Bhavnagar. The village is dominated by Patidars and has 50 Dalit families and a dozen Kshatriya families. The village was in a state of shock. “Despite disputes we have never seen such brutality,” says Chhotubhai, a 60-year-old farmer. “Never have I heard of a dispute over a Dalit riding a horse.”

Neighbouring Pipralia is dominated by Kshatriyas. Martin Macwan, a Dalit activist and founder of Navsarjan, an organisation that works for Dalits, said that such brutality is unacceptable today. “Dalits in northern Gujarat face opposition when they ride a horse during a marriage procession. But this is the first instance when a Dalit youth has been subjected to such an atrocity for owning and riding a horse,” he said.

On 5 April, around 3,000 Dalits joined Kalubhai in a condolence march to Umrala Police Station in Bhavnagar district to demand justice for Pradip.

Pravin Mal, Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) of Bhavnagar district, had permitted Kalubhai to take out a condolence march from Timbi to Umrala police station, the tehsil headquarters. Kalubhai had one demand of the DSP — to arrest all the accused. The DSP admitted that “prima facie, victim riding a horse led to his death”.

“We wanted to tell the DSP that questions raised about Pradip’s behaviour are irrelevant in the probe. We have faith in the Bhavnagar police. But if attempts are made to paint him in a poor light, we shall demand a probe by other agencies,” said Kalubhai. Pradip had studied upto Class 10 and was popular in the village.

After meeting the DSP, Kalubhai submitted a memorandum demanding justice for the murder within 10 days, “failing which we shall take action”. They mentioned several persons who ought to be arrested. These included Jhala and the Gohils, who had threatened Pradip for owning and riding a horse.

Some leaders tried to persuade Kalubhai to demand land. He stood his ground and said he sought justice. Officers from the social welfare department also rushed to the Civil Hospital with a cheque of Rs 415,000 as the first instalment of compensation. “I refused to accept any money. My son was very dear to me,” said Kalubhai.

“We worked together as agriculture labour. Losing my son is very hard upon the family. I own three acres which does not fetch us much. Cotton is our mainstay,” said Kalubhai.

Dalits view the judiciary as their sole hope. But the Supreme Court’s recent observation that the Atrocities Act has been misused to harass innocent citizens has been a blow to Dalits.  They participated wholeheartedly in the Bharat Bandh.

Navsarjan has been able to get 40 convictions in Bhavnagar district. “This, we feel, is small relief,” says Macwan. After Pradip’s death, Kalubhai was tersely told by the Kshatriyas of his village to sell the horse. Pradip also used to sport a moustache which the Kshatriyas consider their prerogative.

Kalubhai did not sell the horse. Raju led the procession of mourners for Pradip’s funeral late in the night. “We wanted to take his body in a horse carriage as a mark of protest. Since it wasn’t possible to get a carriage, we ensured that Raju led the procession to bury his master, Pradip’s body.”


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