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Paramesha receiving the award from the Governor

Siddu jack is an ace by Karnataka farmer

Shree Padre , Bengaluru

S.S. Paramesha’s farm in Chellur has a 35-year-old jackfruit tree which yields unusual fruit. It is small, red, flaky and very tasty. While scouting around for unique varieties of jackfruit in Tumkur district’s Gubbi taluk, Dr Karunakaran and his team from the Central Horticulture Experimental Station (CHES) came across Paramesha’s farm and his extraordinary tree. They were most impressed.

The CHES is at Hirehalli and is a sub-station of the Indian Institute of Horticulture Research (IIHR) in Bengaluru. The IIHR decided to propagate Paramesha’s jackfruit, honour him for conserving a unique variety and ensure that he received an income from his genetic wealth.

In September, Paramesha was presented the Custodian of Novel Jackfruit Type Award by the Governor of Karnataka, Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala,  in Bengaluru. For the first time in India, a jackfruit variety is being registered in a farmer’s name. Paramesha’s red-fleshed variety has been named the Siddu jackfruit after his father, S.K. Siddappa.  

The CHES has entered into an MoU with Paramesha to produce grafts of Siddu jackfruit for the next three years. The station proposes to sell the grafts at Rs 200 per piece. Seventy-five percent of the revenue earned by selling the grafts will be paid to Paramesha. Yet, this milestone event was missed by the general media. There is huge demand for this tasty fruit with attractive coppery red flesh.

The first instalment of 1,000 Siddu grafts is ready and was formally launched at a simple function organised at the CHES premises in Hirehalli.

This pioneering move by IIHR is very significant. It will become a model and precedent for many more excellent farmer varieties to be registered in the name of their custodians. The second important impact is that their initiative will showcase the red-fleshed jackfruit — an untapped genetic wealth of Karnataka —  to the rest of the world.

The mother tree at Paramesha’s farm yields fruit that weighs just 2.5 kg. The average number of bulbs it produces is 30. Scientists at IIHR believe that this variety of jackfruit is very convenient for small families because of its tiny size. The shape of the fruit is irregular. The estimated yield of the tree per annum is 1,098 kg. The tree’s fruiting season is from March to July and the average number of fruits produced is around 450.

In fact, Tumkur Gubbi is emerging as a hotspot of the red-fleshed variety of jackfruit. “This region has several jackfruit varieties. We went around looking for the best ones,” says Dr M.R. Dinesh, director of IIHR. “Dr Karunakaran came across Paramesha’s excellent variety with its pink flakes and small fruits. While conserving such varieties we also want the farmer to get economic benefits. Since Paramesha doesn’t know grafting, we offered to graft his jackfruit variety and pay him 75 percent of the proceeds.”

The colour of bulbs in jackfruits found in Gubbi taluk and in Toobugerehobli in rural Bengaluru varies from orange-yellow to light red to dark red. No serious evaluation or survey of these varieties had been carried out until now to assess the number of trees or identify the best red jackfruit cultivars.

The red-fleshed jackfruit isn’t well known. People in Bengaluru and Tumkur are familiar with it. During jackfruit festivals, if red flaked fruits are on sale, buyers crowd around those counters.

Kerala has two noted red-fleshed varieties. There is Sindhhoram, released by Kerala Agriculture University, and Pathamuttam. Interestingly, red-fleshed jackfruit doesn’t generally grow in heavy rainfall areas. In Karnataka, Mankale red, a famous variety, is found in Sagar, a heavy rainfall area.

But in the Toobugere and Gubbi belt, around 10 percent of trees have red-fleshed fruit. This probably makes Karnataka or India, for that matter, the place with the highest number of red-fleshed jackfruit.

For the past three years, CHES, Hirehalli, has been making efforts to identify the best jackfruit varieties in the Tumkur region, including the red-fleshed ones. In June, due to the efforts of Dr Karunakaran and his team, an exhibition of jackfruits was held at IIHR, Bengaluru. Out of the 65 varieties of fruit displayed, 42 were red-fleshed. A majority of these were from Tumkur. For the first time in the country so many varieties of red-fleshed jackfruit were exhibited under one roof.

“Tumkur belt has a lot of outstanding red varieties,” confirmed Dr Karunakaran. “Vendors at Dabaspet (about 72 km from Bengaluru) once in a while sell such fruits. I have tried to trace the location of the mother trees through them. I have even offered to pay Rs 1,000 for such tip-offs. But they fend me off by making excuses.”

Dr Karunakaran says the best red-fleshed varieties he has tasted were fruits that were small and irregular in shape. There was one large-sized variety of around eight to 10 kg he tasted that belonged to a farmer called Mylarappa. Jackfruit experts like Ananthamoorthy Javali, Gururaj Balthillaya and Channegowda have also appreciated this variety. Tragically, it is feared that the mother tree will die shortly. “There are at least 10 best varieties in the areas I have covered in Tumkur. Much more of the region needs to be combed,” explains Dr Karunakaran.

The red-fleshed variety is in season from May to July. In June and July, the fruit floods the market and a few consumers get to enjoy the luscious red jack.  

 

Contact: CHES, Hirehally: 0816-224 3214 / 3792; Email:chestumkur@iihr.res.in

Comments

  • T. Manikumar

    T. Manikumar - Aug. 4, 2018, 8:06 p.m.

    Please give me details, I want these special jack fruit saplings

  • Anitha

    Anitha - July 31, 2018, 3:40 p.m.

    Sir I would like to by the grafts for my farm .if you could give a number whom to contact.

  • sir i like to where can I get siddu Jack friut sappling inbanglore

    sir i like to where can I get siddu Jack friut sappling inbanglore - July 26, 2018, 3:47 p.m.

    Comments...hats off to the people

  • Hemanth

    Hemanth - July 23, 2018, 10:51 p.m.

    Call to this number: 9945783250

  • D.venkateswararao

    D.venkateswararao - July 20, 2018, 11:12 a.m.

    Sir , I require 5 jackfruit fruit (siddu) plants. Where can I get it. Please inform

  • Hemanth

    Hemanth - July 19, 2018, 12:10 p.m.

    Please contact mr Paramesh for plants Mobile number : 9902794969

  • Channesh

    Channesh - July 15, 2018, 8:48 p.m.

    Please call me..7829351864

  • Anuroopa j

    Anuroopa j - July 15, 2018, 7:21 p.m.

    Intrested in growing this variety.. How can i get these seedlings to grow

  • Prabin Kumar Das

    Prabin Kumar Das - July 14, 2018, 10:30 p.m.

    I want two Siddu jackfruit saplings. How can I get it. Please inform.

  • johnson

    johnson - July 6, 2018, 9:50 p.m.

    i want to know ,the rate,how many we can get,and how?

  • kishore

    kishore - June 29, 2018, 9:34 p.m.

    I would like to plant 5 Siddu jackfruit plants in my hometown anantapur. Please anybody let me know how to get. My no 7093925151

  • MONY A.K.

    MONY A.K. - June 28, 2018, 12:53 p.m.

    i wish to purchase one siddu jackfruit plant .

  • Deepak

    Deepak - June 18, 2018, 5:56 p.m.

    I need the plant how i would get it.

  • DattaKumar.V

    DattaKumar.V - June 11, 2018, 5:11 p.m.

    I want one jackfruit of sidappaji farm and five grafted plants in Bangalore and my mobile no is 9448418098

  • Dr P Boregowda

    Dr P Boregowda - June 7, 2018, 1:21 p.m.

    Congratulations to Karunakaran & team for doing such an excellent job. It is need of the hour to understand and preserve the diversity the NATURE offers to humanity.It is also heartening to note that the variety is being named after the farmer and lion share is offered to him.

  • B.Ramesh

    B.Ramesh - June 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.

    Pl how i got of siddhi jack fruit plan?

  • Girish.k.n

    Girish.k.n - May 31, 2018, 11:56 a.m.

    I am from chikamagalure I want ten siddu jakfruit

  • SNEHITHA

    SNEHITHA - May 31, 2018, 10:04 a.m.

    PLESE SEND ME THE E- MAIL ID

  • Dr jayaram pk

    Dr jayaram pk - May 29, 2018, 7:58 p.m.

    I am highly interested in the sissy variety of Jack fruit modes of sale may be communicated. Thanking you. Best regards to ches and parameters. Dr Jayaram

  • Srinivasa

    Srinivasa - May 28, 2018, 11:22 p.m.

    I liked very much your kesar jackfruit cultivation. How i can get that plant? My phone number is 9841396307.

  • Joseph T.A.

    Joseph T.A. - May 21, 2018, 10:36 p.m.

    I want a tree. How can I get it?

  • Yashwanth

    Yashwanth - May 20, 2018, 9:34 a.m.

    We need the plant in TIRUPATHI, Contact - 8884072139 Mail- yashwanthpathipati@gmail.com

  • dileep kumar A

    dileep kumar A - May 2, 2018, 12:32 p.m.

    Hats off for the wonderful achievement of the farmer Siddu, we are also in need of seedlins for plantation. Contact number: 9632872742, dvaradaraj18@gmail.com

  • H.S.ramachandra rao.

    H.S.ramachandra rao. - March 27, 2018, 1:52 p.m.

    I appreciate the efforts to increase the plants numberin our state and reducethe cost of the saplings so that more and more plants grow in different parts by which consumers grow in number .Please make arrangement to supply one saplings to me or give me address in Bengaluru where I could get the saplings.

  • Mahendran J V

    Mahendran J V - March 26, 2018, 8:58 a.m.

    please let me know the details of the Siddu jackfriut saplings availability and contact details

  • Ramana

    Ramana - March 15, 2018, 8:10 p.m.

    I'm also interested Sidhu Jack fruit plant please provide me a plant my contact number 9848168300

  • Ramana

    Ramana - March 15, 2018, 8:05 p.m.

    I'm also interested sidhu red Jack fruit plant please provide me my contact no 9848168300

  • ABDUL SALAM

    ABDUL SALAM - March 8, 2018, 7:20 p.m.

    We require the Siddhu jack fruit grafted plant,please provide,pl provide My no is 00971504689745

  • ABDUL SALAM

    ABDUL SALAM - March 8, 2018, 7:19 p.m.

    We require the Siddhu jack fruit grafted plant,please provide,pl provide My no is-00971504689745

  • John Samuel Vemuri

    John Samuel Vemuri - March 6, 2018, 11:10 a.m.

    I like to grow in my garden .How can I buy Siddu grafted plants.John S Vemuri Telangana State.

  • KRISHNA KUMAR

    KRISHNA KUMAR - Feb. 20, 2018, 5:25 p.m.

    My name is Krishna Kumar and I am a farmer residing in Malleswaram in Bengaluru. I own a farm in Iggaluru. I would like to place an order for five or 10 Siddu saplings.

  • Pattabhiramarao K

    Pattabhiramarao K - Feb. 19, 2018, 1:53 a.m.

    We would like to order Siddu saplings. Can you send these to us? We are in Kakinada in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. Our contact number is 9849524967. doctorbawani@yahoo.com

  • T C S Reddy

    T C S Reddy - Feb. 16, 2018, 12:42 p.m.

    We are in urgent need of Siddhu jack fruit seedlings at Hyderabad. Please give us details of how we can get them to Hyderabad.

  • T C S Reddy

    T C S Reddy - Feb. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.

    We need SIDDU Jack fruit seedlings at Hyderabad. Can you pl provide. Pl respond. My cell no 9505111900

  • Shajahan

    Shajahan - Feb. 16, 2018, 12:24 p.m.

    Where and when can I get a siddu sapling Please send me the details or address

  • Gonepally vaishnavi

    Gonepally vaishnavi - Feb. 7, 2018, 10:39 a.m.

    Me too need red jackfruit plant can u sent to karimnagar district in telangana. My number is 9966588333

  • B.Ramesh

    B.Ramesh - Feb. 6, 2018, 1:31 p.m.

    We require the Siddhu jack fruit grafted plant,please provide,pl provide My no is 09502929095.

  • Naidu

    Naidu - Feb. 4, 2018, 9:44 p.m.

    I am also interested in growing the red jackfruit plant. Where can I get? Can you have any provision to send to Visakhapatnam on payment basis?

  • Ramesh2

    Ramesh2 - Feb. 4, 2018, 10:48 a.m.

    We require the siddhu jack plant. Please provide me. My number is 07674818989.

  • Dr Rajeev L. Nargund

    Dr Rajeev L. Nargund - Jan. 24, 2018, 11:45 a.m.

    Please send me the mobile number of Mr Parameshwar S/O Siddappa. The award winner for best variety Jack Fruit "Siddu Jackfruit"

  • sony chacko

    sony chacko - Jan. 17, 2018, 1:28 p.m.

    where can i get siddu sapling

  • Sakthivel Jack fruit

    Sakthivel Jack fruit - Jan. 2, 2018, 2:17 p.m.

    I am also interested to plant "siddu" jack fruit. I planted the 14 jack fruit varieties in my farm. I am starts to plant the Jack since 2000. Any one know about "Siddu" grafted seedling, kindly send the address and contact details to my number: 99761-13030

  • Jaison k l

    Jaison k l - Dec. 8, 2017, 2:45 p.m.

    Where I can get siddh jack plants

  • Kareem1616

    Kareem1616 - Dec. 8, 2017, 1:13 a.m.

    Sir where and when can I get a siddu sapling

  • Kareem

    Kareem - Dec. 7, 2017, 12:42 p.m.

    Where can I get grafted seedling of siddu in bangalore

  • Harsha

    Harsha - Dec. 6, 2017, 9:08 p.m.

    We require siddhu jack plant please provide me

  • Gabriel Britto

    Gabriel Britto - Dec. 6, 2017, 2:36 p.m.

    I admire the scientists involved in this. It is praise worthy that they honoured his son in a public event; ensured that the family of the farmer gets the rights as custodian of this variety of jack fruit and unlike the colonizers of yore and contemporary pharmaceutical companies which draws from our traditional knowledge and wealth giving back nothing to the custodians. I am sure that the scientists will 1. identify which pests/ diseases are likely to harm the new saplings; 2. On what type of soil these saplings will grow well 3. What agro-climatic conditions are optimal for the sapling to grow well. 4. What moisture level has to be maintained; what nutrients they need at what intervals. 4. It will be wonderful if they can develop guidelines on ORGANIC plant protection and nutrients for this unique plant. I wish the ICAR mechanism spreads this across all the suitable agro-climatic zones (31) of India This will certainly be a contribution to enhance farmers' incomes Wishing the scientific community the very best in life and work, in solidarity Gabriel BRITTO